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Citing and Writing Guide - MLA, APA, CSE, Chicago/Turabian, ACS: Chicago / Turabian Style

Information on writing and grammar, copyright, and citation styles.

What Is Chicago / Turabian?

The Chicago / Turabian Style has two systems for references and can be used for the humanities (literature, history, art) or the sciences.

  1. The first type is the Notes and Bibliography system, which uses footnotes or endnotes plus an alphabetical works cited page at the end of the document. This is generally used most for the humanities.

  2. The second type is the Author-Date system, which requires in-text references of the author's last name, publication year, and page(s) you are citing. You must also include an alphabetical list of references at the end of your paper that provides complete entries of the parenthetical references you made within the paper. The Author-Date system is mostly used in the sciences.

This information is based on UC Berkeley Library's Guide. 

Helpful Chicago / Turabian Guides

Example Footnote or Endnote Citations

NOTE

When using Footnotes or Endnotes your citations will be numbered by order of use/order you are referencing them in. 

Books

Author, Title (Location: publishers, year), page. 

Erik Larson, The Devil in the White City (New York: Crown Publishers, 2003), 233.

Articles

Author, "Article Title" Journal Title Volume, Issue no. (year): pages, date accessed, doi or stable/permalink: . 

Britney G. Brinkman and Allison Jedinak, “Exploration of a Feminist Icon: Wonder Woman’s Influence on U.S. Media,” Sex Roles 70, no. 9-10 (2014): 434-435, accessed May 24, 2018, doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-01-0364-x.

Websites

Author, "Web Page Title" last modified date [you can use an accessed on date if there is no modified date]. URL.

Erik Larson, “The Devil in the White City” accessed May 24, 2018. http://eriklarsonbooks.com/the-books/the-devil-in-the-white-city/.

Book Chapters

Author, "Chapter Title," in Book title, (location: publishers, year): pages. 

Erik Larson, “In the White City,” in The Devil in the White City, (New York: Crown Publishers, 2003): 233-336.

Films

Title, directed by Director's name (year; location of production: name of production company or person) FORMAT. 

Wonder Woman, directed by Patty Jenkins (2017; Burbank, CA: Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc.) DVD.

Example Author-Date in-text Citations

Books and Book Chapters

(Author date, pages)

(Larson 2003, 233-336)

Articles

(Author date, pages)

(Brinkman and Jedinak 2014, 434-435)

Websites

(Author date)

(Larson 2018)

Films

(Director date)

(Jenkins 2017)

Bibliography/Works Cited Examples

Notes and Bibliography System--Note that there are hanging indents for citations that exceed one line, but it is not shown on this guide. 

 

Bibliography 

 

Brinkman, Britney G. and Allison Jedinak, “Exploration of a Feminist Icon: Wonder Woman’s Influence on U.S. Media,” Sex Roles 70, no. 9-10 (2014): 434-435. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-01-0364-x.

Jenkins, Patty, dir. Wonder Woman. 2017; Burbank, CA: Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., 2017. DVD.

Larson, Erik. “In the White City.” In The Devil in the White City, 233-336. New York: Crown Publishers, 2003.

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City. Accessed May 24, 2018. http://eriklarsonbooks.com/the-books/the-devil-in-the-white-city/.

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City. New York: Crown Publishers. 2003.

Author-Date System--Note that there are hanging indents for citations that exceed one line, but it is not shown on this guide. 

 

References

 

Brinkman, Britney G. and Allison Jenkins. 2014."Exploration of a Feminist Icon: Wonder Woman's Influence on U.S. Media." Sex Roles 70, no.9-10: 434-435. http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11199-01-0364x.

Jenksin, Patty, dir. 2017. Wonder Woman. Burbank, CA: Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., 2017. DVD. 

Larson, Erik. 2003. "In the White City." In The Devil in the White City, 233-336. New York: Crown Publishers. 

Larson, Erik. 2003. The Devil in the White City. New York: Crown Publishers. 

Larson, Erik. n.d. "The Devil in the White City." Accessed May 24, 2018. http://eriklarsonbooks.com/the-books/the-devil-in-the-white-city/.