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Citing and Writing Guide: MLA Style

Information on writing and grammar, copyright, and citation styles.

What Is MLA?

MLA Style was created by the Modern Language Association, and it is often used for writing in the humanities, especially for literature and languages. To view the library's copy of the manual, find it in the reference section:

Helpful MLA Guides

Parenthetical Citations -- A Brief Description

For citing in-text quotations, the basic format is the author's last name and page number within parentheses, for example: Beethoven was considered "unnaturally gifted" in this matter (Sipe 65).

If you reference the author's name within your sentence, you only need to put the page number within parentheses, for example: Sipe argues that theoretical arguments must be "balanced by a historical perspective" (24).

Aside from citing parenthetically, you should also include a Works Cited page at the end of your paper.

Works Cited Page--Citation Examples


Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher, Year.

Book Chapters

Last Name, First Name. "Chapter or Essay Title." Title of the Book, edited by Editor's Name, Publisher, Year, Page Range.


Tile of Film. Directed by Director Name, performances by Names of Performers, Name of Production Company, Year.

OR To put emphasis on the Director or a specific performer you can do the following. 

Last Name, First Name, Title of Person. Title. Name of Production Company, Year.


Last Name, First Name. "Title of the Article." Journal Title, volume number, issue number, Year, Page Range. Database Name, DOI or URL if no DOI exists. Accessed Date written as Day Month Year. 


Author Last Name, First Name. "Title of Web Page." Title of Web Site, If it has a published date put that here  as day month, year, URL. If there is no published date then put the date you accessed the website here.

Here is an example of how the citations would look on an actual Reference/Works Cited page. Remember that citations exceeding one line of text require a hanging indent, and the page should be double spaced. 


Works Cited


Bhabha, Homi. "Narrating the Nation." Nationalism, edited by John Hutchinson & Anthony D. Smith, Oxford University Press, 1994, 306-312.

Brinkman, Britney G. and Allison Jedinak. "Exploration of a Feminist Icon: Wonder Woman's Influence on U.S. Media." Sex Roles, vol. 70,

no. 9-10, 2014, pp. 434-435. PsycINFO, doi: 10.1007/s11199-014-0364-x.

Larson, Erik. The Devil in the White City. Crown Publishers, 2003.‚Äč

Larson, Erik. "The Devil in the White City." Erik Larson Books. Accessed on May 24,


Wonder Woman. Directed by Patty Jenkins, performances by Gal Gadot and Chris Pine, Warner Bros. Entertainment Inc., 2017.